Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence

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A Power and Control Perspective Wheel - Text Description

Domestic violence involves a range of behaviors which can include physical and sexual violence; using coercion and threats; using intimidation; using emotional abuse, using isolation; minimizing, denying and blaming; using children; using male privilege; and using economic abuse. These forms of abuse do not occur in isolation from each other, but rather occur simultaneously.

The Power and Control model of Domestic Violence identifies power and control as the goal of all of these tactics of abuse because victims' experiences consistently indicate that the behavior of their partners is not random or arbitrary, but purposeful and systematic. The goal of abusers' behavior is to exert control over their partners. This goal reflects their belief that they have a right and entitlement to control their intimate partners. The various forms of abuse, the different behaviors, are used a tactics of control.

Examples of the various forms of abuse are:

Using Coercion and Threats

Using Intimidation

Using Emotional Abuse

Using Isolation

Minimizing, Denying and Blaming

Using Children

Using Male Privilege

Using Economic Abuse

Based on the Power and Control Model developed by the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project, Duluth, Minnesota.