Sexual violence includes forms of violence where there is sexual activity without consent. This may include rape, sexual assault or sexual abuse including vaginal or anal penetration, oral sex and genital touching. Some victims are sexually assaulted by a stranger. Most have a relationship with their attacker. It may be an intimate partner, ex, friend or family member.
The data we have shows that most sexual violence is experienced by women and girls, and that women and girls of color experience sexual violence at higher rates than white women and girls. But people of all gender identities and sexual orientations can be victims. In fact, trans and gender non-conforming people face high rates of sexual violence. Men and boys also experience sexual assault, but often don’t come forward because of societal norms about “being a man.”
The person is: underaged, incapacitated, sleeping, physically helpless, has certain disabilities.
A person cannot legally consent to sexual activity with a person who has authority or power over them. For example, an inmate cannot legally consent to a prison guard.
Consent can be taken back at any time. A person does not have to consent because they are in a relationship. They do not have to consent today even if they consented yesterday. They can consent to one thing, but not another. Consent is about what someone chooses to do with their body. They can change their mind at any time. No one has the right to force, guilt or manipulate someone into doing something that they don’t want to do.
Different states have different laws and definitions of crimes about consent and sexual assault. In New York State, laws and definitions of consent depend on what crime is being charged.
Every 68 seconds, an American is assaulted. (Bureau of Justice statistics, 2020)
1 in 5 women and 1 in 12 men have experienced contact sexual violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime. (Smith, S.G., Zhang, X., Basile, K.C., Merrick, M.T., Wang...
1 in 3 female victims of rape experienced it between the ages of 11 and 17. (CDC 2018: The national intimate partner and sexual violence survey: 2015 data brief)
In the U.S., half (49.5%) of multiracial women, 45.6% of American Indian/Alaska Native women, 35.5% of non-Hispanic Black women, 26.9% of Hispanic women, and 22.9% of Asian/ Pacific Islander women...
47% of transgender people are sexually assaulted in their lifetime. (2015 U.S. Transgender survey, National Center for Transgender Equality)